Personal Protective Equipment Policy

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Personal Protective Equipment Policy

1. Purpose

The purpose of this procedure is to establish and procedures governing the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). NWOSU is committed to eliminating or minimizing employee injuries through the use of Personal Protective Equipment. Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for eyes, face, head and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, protective shields and barriers shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary due to hazards of processes or environments, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation, or physical contact.

2. Responsibility

A. Employer Responsibility

1. The Physical Plant will provide gloves, face shields, eye protection, and aprons at no cost to employees. The Physical Plant will also replace or repair personal protective equipment as necessary at no cost to employees.

2. Supervisors will insure that all PPE is of a safe design and construction for the work to be performed.

3. Supervisors will select, and have each affected employee use PPE that will protect the employee from hazards identified in the hazard assessment.

4. Supervisors will insure that selected PPE properly fits each employee.

5. Supervisors will insure that defective and damaged PPE is not used.

B. Employee Responsibility

1. It is the responsibility of the employees to maintain their PPE in good working condition, and to notify their supervisors when their PPE is broken, contaminated, lost, or otherwise compromised to the point where the PPE no longer provides the protection required.

3. Training

The NWOSU Training Officer shall provide training to each employee who is required to by this policy to wear PPE. At the end of the training period, employees shall be trained to know at least the following:

a. When PPE is necessary. b. What PPE is necessary. c. How to properly don, doff, adjust, and wear PPE. d. The limitations of PPE. e. The proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal of PPE. Each employee shall demonstrate an understanding of the training specified above, and the ability to use PPE properly before being allowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE.

Whenever the employee's supervisor has reason to believe that any affected employee who has already been trained does not have the understanding and skill required in section 4a through 4e of this policy, or the ability to properly use PPE, the supervisor shall arrange for the employee to be retrained to a satisfactory level before allowing the employee to perform work requiring the use of PPE.

Conditions where retraining is required include, but are not limited to, situations where: a. Changes in the workplace render previous training obsolete. b. New products are used which render current types of PPE obsolete or ineffective. c. Changes in types of PPE render previous training obsolete. d. Inadequacies in an affected employee's knowledge or use of assigned PPE indicate that the employee has not retained the requisite understanding or skill.

The Training Officer shall verify that each affected employee has received and understood the required training through a written certification that contains the name of each employee trained, the date's) of training, and that identifies the subject of the certification.

4. Types of Personal Protective Equipment

A. Eye and face protection.

1. Each affected employee shall use the appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation.

2. Each affected employee shall use eye protection that provides side protection when there is a hazard from flying objects. Detachable side protectors (e.g. clip-on or slide-on shields) meeting the pertinent requirements of this section are acceptable.

3. Each affected employee who wears prescription lenses while engaged in operations that involve eye hazards shall wear eye protection that incorporates the prescription in its design, or shall wear eye protection that can be worn over the prescription lenses without disturbing the proper position of the prescription lenses or the protective lenses.

4. Eye and face PPE shall be distinctly marked to facilitate identification of the manufacturer.

5. Protective eye and face devices purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z87.1-1989, "American National Standard Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection".

6. Protective eye and face protective devices purchased before July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z87.1-1968 "USA Standard for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection".

7. Each affected employee shall use equipment with filter lenses that have a shade number appropriate for the work being performed for protection from injurious light radiation. The following is a list of appropriate shade numbers for various operations.

FILTER LENSES FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIANT ENERGY OPERATIONS ELECTRODE SIZE 1/32 inch ARC CURRENT MINIMUM PROTECTIVE SHADE*

FILTER LENSES FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIANT ENERGY OPERATIONS ELECTRODE SIZE 1/32 inch ARC CURRENT MINIMUM PROTECTIVE SHADE* Shielded metal arc welding Less than 3............... 3-5........................... 5-8........................... More than 8.............. Less than 60............. 60-160..................... 160-250................... 250-550................... 7 8 10 11 Gas metal arc welding and flux cored arc welding Less than 60............. 60-160..................... 160-250................... 250-550................... 7 10 10 10 Gas tungsten arc welding Less than 50............ 50-150.................... 150-500.................. 8 8 10 Air carbon arc cutting Light........................ Heavy..................... Less than 500.......... 500-1000................ 10 11 Plasma arc welding Less than 20............ 20-100.................... 100-400.................. 400-800.................. 6 8 10 11 Plasma arc cutting Light**..................... Medium**................. Heavy**.................... Less than 300........... 300-400.................... 400-800.................... 8 9 10 Torch brazing Torch soldering Carbon arc welding 3 2 14

FILTER LENSES FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIANT ENERGY OPERATIONS PLATE THICKNESS INCHES PLATE THICKNESS MILLIMETERS MINIMUM PROTECTIVE SHADE* GAS WELDING: Light Medium Heavy Under 1/8..................... 1/8 to ½....................... Over ............................ Under 3.2..................... 3.2 to 12.7................... Over 12.7..................... 4 5 6 OXYGEN CUTTING: Light Medium Heavy
Under 1......................... 1 to 6............................ Over 6..........................
Under 25....................... 25 to 150....................... Over 150.......................
3 4 5

*As a rule of thumb, start with a shade that is too dark to see the weld zone. Then go to a lighter shade which gives a sufficient view of the weld zone without going below the minimum. In oxyfuel gas welding or cutting where the torch produces a high yellow light, it is desirable to use a filter lens that absorbs the yellow or sodium line in the visible light of the spectrum for that operation.

**These values apply where the actual arc is clearly seen. Experience has shown that lighter filters may be used when the arc is hidden by the work piece.

B. Respiratory Protection.

Respiratory Protection shall be in accordance with the NWOSU Respiratory Protection Program.

C. Head Protection

1. Each affected employee shall wear protective helmets when working in areas where there is potential for injury to the head from falling objects.

2. Protective helmets designed to reduce electrical shock hazard shall be worn by each such affected employee when near exposed electrical conductors which could contact the head.

3. Protective helmets purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z89.1-1986 "American National Standard for Personal Protection- Protective Headwear for Industrial Workers-Requirements".

4. Protective helmets purchased before July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z89.1-1969 "American National Standard Safety Requirements for Industrial Head Protection".

D. Hand Protection

1. Supervisors shall select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees' hand are exposed to hazards such as those from skin absorption of harmful substances, severe cuts or lacerations, severe abrasions, punctures, chemical burns, thermal burns, and harmful temperature extremes.

2. Supervisors shall base the selection of the appropriate hand protection on an evaluation of the performance characteristics of the hand protection relative to the tasks to performed, conditions present, duration of use, and the hazards and potential hazards identified.

3. It is the supervisors' responsibility to insure that their employees are wearing appropriate hand protection, and that such hand protection is in a condition to provide the required level of protection.

E. Occupational Foot Protection

1. Each affected employee shall wear protective footwear when working in areas where there is a danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or objects piercing the sole, and where such and employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards.

2. Protective footwear purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z41-1991, "American National Standard for Personal Protection- Protective Footwear".

3. Protective footwear purchased before July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z41-1967, "USA Standard for Men's Safety-Toe Footwear".

4. It is the supervisors' responsibility to insure that their employees are wearing appropriate footwear, and that such footwear is in a condition to provide the required level of protection.